Mediation can take many forms, but typically consists of two parties with opposing positions and a neutral third party that is knowledgeable in a specific area of law and that is trained to mediate.  The mediator does not give legal advice to either party, but provides each party with legal information to help them reach an agreement without litigation.  Mediation can be an invaluable tool, and is very viable when both parties believe they can settle their differences in an amicable manner and without hostility.