The Uniform Child Custody Jurisdiction Enforcement Act or UCCJEA sets forth standards that a Court may take into consideration in making a custody determination and when a Court must defer to an existing determination from another state. In general, a state may make a custody decision about a child if the state is the child’s home state and there are significant connections with people such as doctors, teachers, grandparents, etc. Under UCCJEA courts in the United States must recognize custody decrees not only of other states but of other nations. The Parental Kidnapping Prevention Act (PKPA) 28 U.S.C. Sec. 1738A and 42 U.S.C. Secs. 654, 663, is a Federal statute that addresses kidnapping by noncustodial parents and addresses inconsistent child custody decisions made by state courts.
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